A: Waste is defined for the propose of the UK Waste Management Regulations as:
- Any substance or object that you discard, intend to discard, or are required to discard is waste and as such is subject to a number of regulatory requirements.
- Even if material is sent for recycling or undergoes treatment in-house, it can still be waste. [The term ‘discard' has a special meaning in the Waste Management Regs.]
- Whether or not a particular material is waste is for the person producing it to decide.
Q: What are hazards?
A: A hazard is something with potential to cause harm.
Q: Who are WAMITAB?
WAMITAB is the organisation responsible for the scheme for demonstrating competence for managers of operational facilities. All UK Waste Management facilities must be operated by such a “technically competent person”.
This is based on firstly achieving a vocational qualification and then being awarded the Certificate of Technical Competence (COTC) by WAMITAB. The scheme was implemented within the framework of the Waste Management Licensing Regulations 1994, whereby managers of those facilities covered by a waste management licence need to hold a Certificate of Technical Competence (COTC), unless a specific exemption applies.
In addition to the above, WAMITAB has recently developed occupational standards and vocational qualifications for waste management operatives involved with waste collection, landfill and treatment.
Q: What is the background to the recent changes in UK hazardous waste disposal?
A: The Landfill Directive, introduced in 2002, banned certain wastes from landfill, and reclassified landfill sites into three categories of:
- hazardous; or
- non hazardous waste.
From July 2004, a further requirement of the legislation was introduced banning co-disposal – preventing hazardous and non-hazardous waste being disposed together and at the same site.
From July 2005, hazardous waste will only be acceptable at appropriate landfill sites, once it has been pre-treated and is acceptable under the terms of another part of the Landfill Directive: the Waste Acceptance Criteria.
Q: What is the EU Hazardous Waste Directive
A: The Hazardous Waste Directive (HWD) aims to provide a precise and uniform definition of ‘hazardous waste’ to apply across the European Union, to reduce confusion and streamline the current systems. This is in the process of being implemented in the UK and will redefine what hazardous waste is.
Many items that weren't previously defined as hazardous now will be. This means that companies and organizations who previously never had their rubbish/waste classed as hazardous, now will.
Q: What is the result of the Hazardous Waste Directive, and the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive?
A: The implementation of the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE), and the Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive, means that companies who manufacture and supply electrical and electronic equipment are in principle ultimately responsible for disposing of it once it breaks down.
For example, in principle, whoever buys a Television or Computer, is entitled to take it back to the shop from which he bought it to have it disposed of when it breaks down and can’t be fixed, or reaches the end of its life.